Tuesday, April 14, 2015

BEYOND THE SHADOW: A CRITICAL REVIEW by Jacques Coulardeau


Ram Krishna Singh BEYOND THE SHADOW A few notes and a mystery

Ram Krishna Singh
BEYOND THE SHADOW: A few notes and a mystery 

by  Dr Jacques COULARDEAU

To assess this poetry - and not the poet – we have to look at each poem and see what it brings since it is a collection, hence coming from different periods and with no connections among them. Then after examining the poems a few ideas may emerge. Here are some of these ideas emerging from the samsara of this collection.

What is surprising at once for that poetry written in English is that in its form itself I feel the Indo-Aryan syntax of the native language of the author that I assume to be Hindi though I have in mind the languages I know, Sinhala and Pali. The second poem is typical with its numerous present participles that give elements that have just been sort of fulfilled as if they were preterit participles: fulfilled circumstances from whose fulfillment a vision may emerge and in this poem what emerges is at the beginning: death of course that cannot be as long as these circumstances have not been fulfilled. That will lead us to another remark later.

At the same time his reference to haikus is true and false. These poems apart from one or two very short ones are not haikus. But it is also true because the poet uses standard concatenated static elements to build images that are at times striking and this is haiku-ish. We have thus chains of such concatenated static vignettes or cameos and the meaning can only come from the samsaric chain and not from each small tableau or any logical or rational stringing of them. This is true of many poems.

But poem 28 is a mixture of both techniques. It is a haiku by its shortness and its striking conclusion of “a ship on vacation” that sinks. But at the same time he transforms a negative preterit participle clause into an English negative causal explanation, which it hardly is. All the poems should be examined at that level of the intertwining of three syntaxes from three different linguistic traditions, the Indo-Aryan and Indo-European traditions that are quite close and yet quite different even though they have the same origin somewhere in the Middle East probably on the Iranian plateau. The third tradition is definitely different since the languages of the haiku are Japanese or Chinese, isolating languages based on the concatenation of invariable nominal and verbal elements.

The second remark is poetical. It is the very extensive use of oxymorons to the point of being able to qualify this poetry as oxymoronic. Consider the conclusion of the third poem:
“heaven is a mirage in human zoo”
The use of the copula “is” comes from the English language but is not necessary and the line without it would be a lot more striking in its appositive or concatenated style and closer to a Dhammapada verse:
“heaven a mirage in human zoo”
“Heaven” and “mirage” are of course oxymoronic, at least if we consider “heaven” to be a real concept for the poet and not a sarcastic or humoristic reference to something he does not believe in. That would be trite, not poetic. At the same time “mirage” and “human zoo” are oxymoronic since a “mirage” is what man sees that is not there. If the zoo is real, then the mirage is impossible. But associated to “heaven” it then gives to humanity a gullible and totally absurd reality. They cannot know, even heaven, because they can only see mirages. Finally “human” and “zoo” are oxymoronic because man generally keeps animals in a zoo. How can man keep himself in a zoo of his own making? It is this intricate oxymoronic use of what is basically metaphors that makes this poetry striking.
This second remark leads me to a third one. There is only one allusion to Buddha but the poems are deeply and pervasively inhabited by some Buddhists concepts.
The most obvious one is “dukkha,” that concepts that states that since everything is changing (anicca) life is a vast cycle of birth-growth/decay-death-rebirth. The author is obsessed by his own decay and death. Poem 8 lists his ailments:
“My shrinking body” . . . “devil in the spine” . . . “abusing tongue in sleep” . . .
“bleeding anus” . . . “oozing and stinking” . . .
He refers to that decaying process over and over again. His conclusive formula in Poem 8, “onanist excursion,” is perfect to describe the hypercondriac onanistic masturbation of his own self and body, ailments and evils. And this onanism is rightly identified in poem 29 as “wank without wad” which, beyond the trilogy of initial /w/, the dukkha cycle, the sterile attachment (tanha) of the poet makes that poet a wanker without wad hence a sterile wanker practicing sterile wanking producing nothing.
This absolute domination of this totally negative dukkha that brings no rebirth at all because of the poet’s excessive attachment (tanha) to his own decay (dukkha) is seen as an evil of the modern world in poem 14. The growth of concrete buildings makes flowers die, makes tree be felled and disappear, and leaves nothing but a world that produces its own full sterility and frigidity. A world that has the wank without the wad.

A last remark along that line is the evasiveness and lack of precise presence of the concepts of anicca, constant change, and of anatta, absence of soul or self. The latter is totally denied and never mentioned. The soul I even asserted here and there and the self is omnipresent. But the former can be found though not constantly. Poem 14 is typical of that constant change anicca but as a catastrophe, an irreversible evolution to destruction, what he calls “a calamity” and this calamity, this dukkha, in the absence of any rebirth, is the end of life, of the world. On the other hand poem 13 is a lot more balanced, probably due to the reference to Buddha. And he asserts that the “loss” due to this constant change and decay “returns to wholeness,” hence leads to some rebirth, though “returns” is not the proper word since it is not going back to what it used to be but a new wholeness reached beyond the destruction of the old wholeness. “Return” is too retrospective.
We could and should examine the many variations of that theme.
A final remark has to be done about the last poems: they tend to become political, ideological.
The theme was touched already in Poem 9
“politics of corruption.”
This corruption is like the rotten apple in a basket of apples. It makes the poet’s “face ugly.” “There is no beauty or holiness left in the naked nation.” “I weep for . . . the faces they deface with clay dreams.” And this clay is not coming from some messianic holy city, but it is the heavy and dirty clay that can be found in any field, in the ground and that turns into mud with some monsoon rain.
But the most powerful poem along that line is poem 24 entitled “Degeneration.” But this poem asserts the existence of gods. We are far from Buddhism and its godless world, its soulless man and its selfless (without self) human being.
“When gods are out to teach me a lesson
. . . my prophet friends . . . the palmists . . .
they seek money for rituals, stones or mantras
while God gives us the best in life gratis
. . . now or tomorrow they all delude
in the maze of expediency and curse”
His prophet friends and the psalmists are obviously exploiting the world and people. But I can hardly accept the idea that god gives anything gratis and it contradicts the first line, because with all we get from nature, and even from god if you want, there is always a lesson and the price of this lesson can be extremely expensive.
Poem 27 goes even farther and states:

“. . . a professional loser
. . . strays a preacher
to revolution”
It is clear for the poet there is no honest revolutionary man, there is no honest revolution which is nothing but a perversion. But this revolution can perverts a preacher, that is to say “a psalmist” or “a prophet friend” and we know what we have to think about such people. So a preacher does not need much convincing to be turned revolutionary if that provides him with the electoral and financial support he needs, he wants, he contemplates, he greedily craves for.

So, is this poetry worth reading?
Probably yes because it states clearly that if you do not have a spiritual inspiration you are reduced to your bleeding anus and exploitation by all kinds of fake prophets and greedy preachers.
One thing though is missing. It is quite obvious love is good but sex is a reduction to an instant of pleasure, to a wank with a wad, but it leads nowhere beyond that wad. What about though a sexual partner, a love mate of any sexual orientation imaginable? Let’s say there is nearly none except a woman a couple of times, particularly in poem 30, the last poem of the collection. But that evanescent woman is quite special.
“. . . she hates my face
. . . she questions why I think of Bangalore
for treatment of all my ailments
and takes me to Bannerghatta zoo
for animal viewing.”
We know what we can think of a zoo, a human zoo, a zoo that is for human beings more than for animals. This “she” is not particularly inspiring. She is not a soul mate. She is not mind mate. She probably is no love mate either, just a keeper and maybe a sex mate or even only a body mate that likes her men oblivious of their ailments and reduced to their admiration towards the animals who become an image in the mirror of the eyes of the voyeur audience of a zoo when the direction voyeur-voyee becomes blurred and the voyeur is the voyee and the voyee is the voyeur, when the ape is the watching man and the watching man is the ape.

Don’t tell me such women don’t exist. They might prefer museums or department stores instead of zoos but the project, the intention is the same: make their partners contemplative voyeurs as if they were mute mirrors of what they see in front of themselves and nothing else.

Dr Jacques COULARDEAU






http://collectedpoemsofrksingh.blogspot.in/

BEYOND THE SHADOW

A Collection of Selected Poems

Ram Krishna Singh

1
ALLERGIES

The barber sees
a potential customer
in me but I pass

the tense faces
after the long walk sunshine
a fag in the car

short carnival:
neatly hide faded vests drying
in the balcony

helter skelter
afternoon windy rain
allergies again

2
WHO CARES?

Death hides in the body
but who cares? it’s obscure

living on the edge
seeking space into swamp

they all talk about the sun
swelling in the sky

and close eyes to the spider
spinning waves on the ceiling

all alone, but who cares?
suspicion and distance

like lovers they pretend
to leave yet stay longer

dishing out luxuries
showing off generosity

on the heart’s fancy table
waiting to welcome the guest

3
MIRAGE

They say my birth was a heavenly event:
here I am suffering third-rate villains
that erect walls to stop the chariots
from Merkaba: the angels fume but who cares
heaven is a mirage in human zoo

4
NEW YEAR

The dates on calendar question
all my undone acts

and memories that haunt or fade
in nightly nakedness

stumbling toward the next day’s sun
without celebration

at 63 January jeers
my degenerating sex

a still itch: mantra and mirror
quiet God and drying petals

5
GLEAM OF LIGHT

Late August:
clouded midnight, sneezing
restless in bed


all negative vibes
well up the mind

jackals yell outside
I read Hsu Chicheng
for a gleam of light

6
I CAN LIVE

I’ve outlived
the winter’s allergies
and depressing rains
in a human zoo

I can live
my retirement too
without pension and medicine:

the wheelchair doesn’t frighten
I can live

uncared and unknown
survive broken home

the numbness of the arms
the pain in the neck
and inflation too

7
I SEE HISTORY CRIPPLED

Time’s wrinkling fingers
trivialize the sun and snow
in a crooked land

I see history crippled
with midnight dyspnoea
the green umbrella

hosts disaster:
the avalanche waits on its shoulders
the wound opens

8
DEAD OR ALIVE

My shrinking body
even if I donate
what’s there for research:

devil in the spine
abusing tongue in sleep
or bleeding anus

defy all prayers
on bed or in temple—
the same heresy

oozing and stinking
onanist excursion
dead or alive

9
CLAY DREAMS

They make my face
ugly in my own sight

what shall I see in the mirror?

there is no beauty
or holiness left
in the naked nation:

the streams flow dark
and the hinges of doors moan
politics of corruption

I weep for its names
and the faces they deface
with clay dreams

10
SANGAM

The crack in the sky
is not the rosy cleavage
to rape the body

nor is the beast any free
to escape the bloody river
that reflects stony wrath
in doggy position

they all expect their reward
for burying the noise
of sunny fire wheeling
in frozen passion

turn beggars they all
search warmth with ash-smeared sadhus
at roadside tea stall
whistle and wash off sins

in sangam muddled
with privileged few soar high
but I’m glad I crawl on earth
my roots don’t wave in the air

11
WHY DO THEY QUESTION

If hand can meet hand
and embrace is not sin

if lip to lip kissing
or cheek to cheek hugging

is not forbidden
why do they question

meeting of thighs or breasts:
divine in action

it’s spring; the body’s love
itching to bloom with soul

12
QUAIL DREAMS

I’ve lived 23000 days
awaiting a day that could become
god’s day in eden, earth or within

or even my grandson’s smile
on his first day in mother’s arms

now I sit an empty boat
on a still river
and shake with quail dreams

13
HERE AND NOW

The body is precious
a vehicle for awakening
treat it with care, said Buddha

I love it’s stillness
beauty and sanctity
here and now

sink into its calm
to hear the whisper in all
its ebbs and flows

erect, penetrate
the edge of life and loss
return to wholeness

14
THEY TOO KNOW

Flowers don’t bloom
in tribute to
builders’ apathy

the trees are dying:
they too know they’ll be felled
or the heat will kill

the concrete rises
calamity too will rise
none talk the ruins they bring

15
STRANGER

I don’t know where I lived
in my former existence
but the hell I’ve breathed
for three decades here
couldn’t adapt my soul:
I remain a stranger
to them and to the cold walls
that put out the candle-lights
in my roofless house

16
INDIFFERENCE

Being good
couldn’t make me know
any better

I was harmless
they sold my name
and became
what I couldn’t

in the middle of day light
I vanished like faces
from voters’ list

with no difference
to who wins
or who loses

17
I TOO DESCEND

Some fresh bones and designer dress
distorted hopes, cataract vision
hardly any better the faces of the body

and if there is a soul, the soul hears

the map guides the mind’s midnight
but the destination is different

deception is courage

they know the end of journey
and get down when the train stops

I too descend

18
ECHOES HAUNT

Sleepy roads
with or without light
tear the sky

I watch the murmur
in the misty darkness
Tao of midnight

tranquil emptiness:
breathing deceptive cold
the echoes haunt

19
QUAKES IN ELEMENTS

She trusts her reading of my horoscope
and predicts a comfortable future

even as I know my toothache
now means the fall of my teeth
and anal bleeding means sure surgery

my dying libido is as uncomfortable
as the dream of humans sleeping on the ceiling:

their flattened naked back amuses me
who knows who’ll fall first?

before I wake up I try to gauge the selvage
of restless lines, moon, saturn, and venus
conspiring new challenges
for the quakes in my elements

it’s already mid-november
and the bouts of bronchial allergy
tell of the cycle of incarceration
her moving lips are no soporific

20
NUDE DELIGHT

The coiled divine
renews eternity
in the body’s cells
fed on sensuous sweetness
and moment’s littleness

for years fleshly reign
seemed spirit’s radiance
in the deep pit
now suddenly sparks the itch
for heaven’s nude delight

21
LET’S MEET

Before the bananas ripe
let’s meet at least once

lest the fog dampen passion
let’s water our love

the sun is bright this morning
and night’s promising

let’s meet and unfreeze winter
of years, drink some wine

restore warmth of faith and hope
and heal the breaches

without black goggles for seeing
let’s meet at least once

22
DRIED VISION

Teary eyes
with sparks and lightning
dried vision

caged existence
seek deliverance
muttering old prayers

23
SEASON’S PRICK

Unpruned roses
and unknown grasses
make me aware
of the emptiness
the dusk in her room sounds

she searches out
her shadow in
the rising moon

I feel the season’s prick

24
DEGENERATION

When gods are out to teach me a lesson
where to go to pray or find relief?

my prophet friends predict each day good
and the future fulfilling, the palmists find
the sun, saturn, venus and rahu hostile:

they seek money for rituals, stones or mantras
while God gives us the best in life gratis

I can’t change man or nature, nor the karmas
now or tomorrow they all delude
in the maze of expediency and curse
stars, fate, destiny, or life before and after
degenerating the mind, body, thought and divine


25
CRACKS

The cracks on the parapet
have widened for the peepal
to stay green for once
rains too want us to drench
our heads and feel one
with cool wind
in a dark corner
shed fears and enjoy love

26
BUGGING

Each night a challenge:
suffocative restlessness
sleepless spirits’ noise
sexual starvation
anal menstruation
dingy subcounscious

conspire behind closed eyes
absent healing and
wishful miracles

a clueless sun rises
bugging time and life

27
NEIGHBOR

With scheming mind
and crafty heart
loud and rebellious
a professional loser
perfumes the room
with flattering lips
and strays a preacher
to revolution

28
VACATION

Because I had no STD code to dial Heaven
I walked into Hell measuring happiness
in buried lines on palms and shrinking head:
I couldn’t know when love sieved and sank
like a ship on vacation

29
YOU CAN’T SCENT ME

In the poems I write
you can read my mind
even know when I’m blue

before the mirror
when I stand in the dark
you can’t scent me

nor will words comfort
in chilly December
when alone in candle light

empty coffee cups
deride the syllables
I spin to make haiku

my hairs in air
reveal the baldness:
wank without wad

30
I TALK TO MYSELF IN BED

After a day’s labor
they lie on a sand pile
in the basement of
a new shopping complex
rising slowly next door
like the waves at Nellore beach
that broke before wiping
my name on the sand

I take a snap at sunset:
they play with plastic bottles in water
or eat fried fish in the huts

I’m warned against placing it on Facebook
she hates my face

nor am I allowed to speak
to the drug addict picked up
from the door steps of
Varsha Apartments

his father questions
if there’s law in the country
only a street dog wags its tail

I wheeze and take a seroflo puff
and wonder if I should visit
Nimhans and get checked
to manage my sleep

she questions why I think of Bangalore
for treatment of all my ailments
and takes me to Bannerghatta zoo
for animal viewing

http://ezinearticles.com/?I-Can-Live-and-Other-Poems&id=8756036





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